Especially, in a classroom situation, the Jewel Fish is ideal; the husbandry displayed will fill many class discussions about life in general. Free-Swimming: Within seven days, you should see the proud parents showing off their newly swimming fry cloud, making short ventures, herding them to find micro food around the bottom of the aquarium. As such, they are more keen on tropical conditions. The changes in water conditions can cause your fish to become stressed, especially if the conditions are not in the desired ranges for these fish. Written by. You don’t need fancy lighting for these fish, although they do prefer to have moderate lighting in their tank. Jewel cichlids come from Africa where they tend to inhabit the muddy bottoms of rivers and streams. Once a male and female have bonded, they form a definite partnership and will kill others of their species if given the chance during the breeding and fry raising process.. Water Conditions: The Jewel fish is not particularly choosy about pH or hardness within reason since they are flood-plain dwellers in nature. Feeding a Breeding Pair: Care of this species is not difficult. When not in breeding season, the Jewel Fish is a dull olive color overall, with three black dots on its sides. Knowing the natural habitat of these fish makes it easier for us to understand the fish and set up the tank appropriately. We’ve already discussed the importance of having a proper canister filter for the tank. If it were not for their hostile disposition, this brightly colored fish would certainly be one of the most popular of the cichlid group and a staple in almost every community aquarium, right alongside the Angel Fish. The parents will constantly fan the eggs with their fins and pick at them to remove fungus and dead eggs. © Copyright 2021 - AmazingCichlids.com. And that’s even more important if you’re intending to breed these fish – you’ll need to provide a cave. The breeding pair will form a close bond during the mating process that lasts long after their eggs have hatched. 14-18, 85-92. Jewel Cichlid Breeding. Adding vegetables such as spirulina or lettuce leaves allows you to provide your fish with the needed nutrients, but also keep a great variety in their diet. The profusion of metalic blue spangles that characterizes the color pattern of the dwarf jewel fish is more reminiscent of Neotropical than African dwarf cichlid. Breeding of Jewel Cichlid. One thing you must know is that these fish will grow to about 12 inches in size, so you’ll have to adjust your tank accordingly. This means that they are likely to consume just about anything you put into the water. There are several different species of Jewel Fish; all are very beautiful but aggressive members of the cichlid family. That’s partly due to their aggressive behavior as they get territorial, but partly, it’s also due to their active swimming nature. The size of the species you choose will determine the size of your tank, but you shouldn’t keep jewel cichlids in a tank smaller than 40 gallons – the only exception is a breeding tank. Get it free when you sign up for the Spruce Pets! That should be fairly simple, as the male will actively seek out a female and breed. Feeding the Fry: The Jewel Fish fry are able to devour baby brine shrimp and finely ground fry food immediately after hatching. There are many tank owners who crave to own this fish species. Jewel cichlids get very aggressive around mating time so it’s important that each fish is a fairly equal match physically. They are bottom feeders, feeding on everything they might find on or around the bottom of the lake or river. Your email address will not be published. When it comes to devotion in parenthood, few species surpass the aggressive and pugnacious nature of the African cichlid known as the jewel fish. The majority of the diet can be represented by pellets and flakes, but you will certainly have to supplement these foods with live, frozen foods, and vegetables. Thomas is a freelance writer specializing in fish and aquariums, with over 50 years of experience in keeping fish. To tell the difference between the sexes, look for a plump female: when in breeding condition the female will be full of roe (eggs). But that doesn’t mean you can’t keep them with other fish. But proper and regular water maintenance is just as important for these fish. Dr. Nick Saint-Erne has worked in veterinary hospitals treating a variety of animals, including zoo animals and exotic pets for over 35 years. Thomas is a freelance writer specializing in fish and aquariums, with over 50 years of experience in keeping fish. You can do that by adding plenty of vegetation, rocks, and other accessories into the tank that will create a natural barrier between the fish. Separate from Parents: Separate the fry from the parents immediately if any of these things occur: It is strange that such an aggressive species as the Jewel Fish is one of the most docile and devoted of all freshwater fish parents. Hardness: 120 – 150 ppm (mg/L) is ideal, but they are a relatively forgiving species so close is good enough. Jewel Cichlid Breeding. Breeding Method: As with other medium-sized cichlids, Jewel Fish go through a mating ritual which looks like fighting; then the pair will be close to each other for several days, finally laying eggs and fertilizing them side by side, egg by egg. They are helpless during this time but protected by the parents with their very lives. 55 gallons or 75 gallons are better. As these fish tend to be quite aggressive and territorial, the tank mate options are slimmed down significantly. Jewel Fish will attack its own species as well as any other fish, no matter the size, when in breeding season and while rearing their fry. But if you do opt for a lighting system, choose something that offers moderate lighting that’s not too weak or powerful. It is for this reason that, for best results, the breeding aquarium should not be a bare tank with “new” water; it should be well established with thriving live plants to ensure ample food supply for the fry in their first three weeks of life. Tank mate sizes also affect your Jewel. As a first or second breeding experience, this fish is worth the trouble: it is easy to breed, and the mated pair do all the work of fry rearing. Jewel cichlids readily accepts most types of fish foods.Flakes and pellets and occasional live foods like earthworms,meal worms or adult brine shrimp(if obtained from a trustworthy source) are enough to get them into breeding conditions.Although there is not much fuss about feeding them,I recommend Hikari Cichlid Staple(Click on the link to buy). This can happen to cichlids at any given day and …, Your email address will not be published. Food Beyond 21 Days: The fry will constantly be hungry, foraging as a cloud of fry, under the parents' careful and watchful eyes, but at this point, they can eat high quality, high protein flake food, ground into a powder in your fingers. That’s because these fish will like to dig out the plants and dig into the substrate, so in order not to hurt them, sand is the best option. Breeding. Breeding the Jewel Fish (Ruby Cichlid) Jewel Fish are easy to breed but tough to keep in a community tank. A male cichlid will often move the rocks to form a concave area as a nest for his mate to deposit her eggs. Spawning Media: This species prefers a terracotta flower pot, turned on its side and aged in an established aquarium for at least a week. However, you’ll have to keep in mind that separating these fish will work best if you want to keep them together peacefully and ensure they don’t get aggressive. Jewel cichlids breed very easily. When they breed, the female will then lay about 500 eggs on rocks and smooth areas of your tank. Another measure that you can take is to create a natural barrier with rocks and plants to prevent aggression. As for breeding, you’ll notice that the male will turn more colorful once it’s ready for breeding. I recommend feeding them a large amount of food for the next week, then do a 25% water change and do not feed them that day. First, when you put the couple mates together it’s very important to watch how they behave. Females tend to have a duller color than males. The fry should be … They were also very expensive in the past because it was hard to collect …, One day, you might notice that your African cichlids look somewhat different. Be … breeding cichlids is a very rewarding, if sometimes quite costly, endeavor Lake cichlids... Well to breed these fish tend to be especially aggressive degrees Fahrenheit for purposes... 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