The fifth missile was launched in an attack intended to strike against the British aircraft carrier HMS Invincible. The Super Étendard was used by Iraq to attack oil tankers and merchant shipping in the Persian Gulf during the Iraq-Iran War. Designated Super Étendard Modernisé (SEM), the first combat missions for the type came during NATO's Allied Force operations over Serbia in 1999; it was reported that over 400 combat missions were flown with 73% of the assigned objectives destroyed, the best performance of all the air forces involved in the missions over Serbia. the ejection seat, which I replaced completely, and I also added a Matchbox pilot which had to have its legs cut off, since the cockpit seems to be designed for Asian body measures... pretty tight in there! Operation Anaconda, starting on 2 March 2002 saw extensive use of the Super Étendard in support of French and allied ground troops. [29], Deliveries of the Super Étendard to the French Navy started in 1978, with the first squadron, Flottille 11F becoming operational in February 1979. [26] Super Étendards performed qualifications on the aircraft carrier ARA 25 de Mayo until the ship's final retirement. [28], In 2009, an agreement was signed between Argentina and France to upgrade Argentina's remaining fleet of Super Étendards. [19][20][21] The Exocets that struck the Atlantic Conveyor had been inadvertently redirected by decoy chaff deployed as a defensive measure by other ships;[22] both the Sheffield and the Atlantic Conveyor sank as a result of the Exocet strikes. ", "Argentine Super Etendard modernisation hits major snags", "Argentina finally buys five French Super Etendards", "Argentinian president approves lagging Super Etendard acquisition", https://www.infodefensa.com/latam/2020/06/10/noticia-super-etendard-argentinos-estarian-operativos.html, "Libye : première mission aérienne pour la TF 473", "Libye : point de situation opération Harmattan n°6", French Carrier Strike Group to Deploy to Eastern Mediterranean with Largest Airwing Ever, "Shadow of Super Étendards over the Gulf. The main new weapon of the Super Étendard was the French anti-shipping missile, the Aérospatiale AM 39 Exocet. [28] As of 2012, 11 Super Étendards remain in service with Argentina. It is a development of the Dassault Étendard IV attack aircraft in parallel with the new "Air-surface" version of the Aérospatiale anti-ship missile, the AM 39 "Exocet". The Dassault-Breguet "Super Etendard" ("Banner" in French) is a light embarked fighter bomber , successfully tested in combat, on various attack missions in Argentina, Iraq, Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and recently in Libya. Hoyle, Craig. [6], The first of three prototypes to be built, an Étendard IVM which had been modified with the new engine and some of the new avionics,[6] made its maiden flight on 28 October 1974. [3], There were several proposed aircraft to replace the Jaguar M, including the LTV A-7 Corsair II and the Douglas A-4 Skyhawk. Hoyle, Craig. ", "FRENCH AGREE TO LEND IRAQ PLANES TO USE IN FIRING ITS EXOCET MISSILES", "Crash d'un Super-Étendard: plus d'espoir de retrouver le pilote vivant", "La Marine localise des débris de Super-Étendard au nord de l'île de Batz", "Dassault Super Etendard Carrier-based Navy Strike Fighter Aircraft – France", Super Étendard on Federation of American Scientist (FAS), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dassault-Breguet_Super_Étendard&oldid=1001403049, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Articles needing additional references from October 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [25] Since 1993, Argentinian pilots have practised on board the neighbouring Brazilian Navy's aircraft carrier São Paulo. [14] During the 2000s, further improvements included significantly improved self-defence ECM capability to better evade enemy detection and attacks,[15] cockpit compatibility with night vision goggles, a new inertial data system partly integrating GPS, and compatibility with the Damocles Laser designator pod. The Dassault-Breguet Super Étendard (Étendard is French for "battle flag", cognate to English "standard") is a French carrier-borne strike fighter aircraft designed by Dassault-Breguet for service with the French Navy. Jackson, Robert. [44] They were paired again with Dassault Rafales on interdiction missions. This topic is categorised under: Aircraft » Jets » Dassault Super Etendard. [4] According to Bill Gunston and Peter Gilchrist, Dassault had played a significant role in the cancellation of the Jaguar M with the aim of creating a vacancy for their own proposal – the Super Étendard. My contribution is the Super Etendard manufactured by the French aircraft producer Dassault. The exocet missile pylon is from the airfix super etendard kit, brought to stole decals ,as academy usual standard the included decals was really bad ,sad and ugly. Dassault pulled some strings with the French government and produced its own proposal to meet the requirement. One of their main roles was to carry laser designation pods to illuminate targets for Dassault Rafales. [5] The Super Étendards would operate from both of France's aircraft carriers at that time, the Clemenceau and the Foch; either carrier's air wing typically comprised 16 Super Étendards, 10 F-8 Crusaders, 3 Étendard IVPs, 7 Breguet Alizé anti-submarine aircraft, as well as numerous helicopters. Carrier-based fighter designed with Gmax. [5] The Super Étendard was essentially an improved version of the existing Étendard IVM, outfitted with a more powerful engine, a new wing and improved avionics. [11], The Argentine Navy was the only export customer. Operation Anaconda, starting on 2 March 2002 saw extensive use of the Super Étendard in support of French and allied ground troops. [6] The aircraft was also refitted with the ability to operate a range of laser-guided bombs and, to enable the type to replace the retiring Étendard IV in the reconnaissance mission, the Super Étendard was fitted to carry a specialist reconnaissance pod as well. Any Federal Standard colour coding is very welcome!!! Cooper, Tom. [14] Other upgrades at this time included an extensively redesigned cockpit with HOTAS controls, and airframe life-extension work was undertaken; a total of 48 aircraft received these upgrades, at a rate of 15 per year. [42] In response, the Super Étendards underwent a series of upgrades throughout the 1990s to add new capabilities and update existing systems for use in the modern battlefield. [47], Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1982-83,[14] Air Power Classics[60], "Thatcher in the dark on sinking of Belgrano. On 22 September 1983, French Navy Super Étendards operating from Foch bombed and destroyed Syrian forces positions after a few artillery rounds were fired at the French peace keepers. Argentina's use of the Super Étendard and the Exocet missile during the 1982 Falklands War led to the aircraft gaining considerable popular recognition. One of their main roles was to carry laser designation pods to illuminate targets for Dassault Rafales.[43]. The first prototype flew on 28 October 1974. Burden, Rodney A., Michael A. Draper, Douglas A. Specifically, the Jaguar M had suffered handling problems when being flown on a single engine and a poor throttle response time that made landing back on a carrier after an engine failure difficult. [30] By March 2014, while the Argentine Navy continued to seek the upgrade kits for 10 of its 11 remaining Super Étendards; this ambition appears to have been complicated by several factors, France has been non-committal regarding the sought sale; critically, political developments between France and the UK may potentially allow the UK to obstruct the supply of military equipment to Argentina such as the upgrade kits and the Exocet missile. On 26 January 1996, a Super Étendard crashed off the coast of La Ciotat; the pilot ejected. The Super Etendard was a further development of the Etendard IVM though it was up to 90% an all-new aircraft. The box is packed with parts, including five trees of weapons, a photo-etched (PE) fret, a clear sheet with canopy, nav lights and beacons, and beautiful decals. Both the wings and tailplane are swept, with the folding wings having a sweepback of about 45 degrees, while the aircraft is powered by a non-afterburning SNECMA Atar 9K-50 turbojet with a rating of 49 kN (11,025 lbf). The Super Étendard was also operated by Iraq (on a temporary lease) and Argentina, which both deployed the aircraft during wartime. The Armee de l'Air (AA), theFrench air force, had a requirement along much the same lines, but wanted atwin-engine configuration and armament of twin DEFA 30-millimeterr… [18] On 4 May, two Super Étendards, guided by a Lockheed P-2 Neptune, launched one Exocet each at the British destroyer HMS Sheffield, with a single missile fatally striking Sheffield. "The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapon Systems: Fifth Edition.". Huertas, Salvador Mafé. The Super Étendard first flew in October 1974 and entered French service in June 1978. In March 2011, Étendards were deployed as a part of Task Force 473, during France's Opération Harmattan in support of UN resolution 1973 during the Libyan conflict. Deliveries of the Super Étendard to the French Navy started in 1978, with the first squadron, Flottille 11F becoming operational in February 1979. [48][49] The Super Étendards began maritime operations over Persian Gulf in March 1984; a total of 34 attacks were carried out on Iranian shipping through the rest of 1984. Its performance was not much better than what the Etendard IV offered, but its avionics were significantly improved. As we have already explained the Super Étendards were decommissioned by the French Navy in 2016.. French President announced on Jan. 26, 2018 that the defense ministers of Argentina and France signed a contract for the sale of five Super Étendard attack aircraft to Argentina. [53] On 2 April 1984, an Iraqi Super Étendard was reportedly shot down by a AIM-7E-2 missile fired by an Iranian F-4 Phantom II piloted by Khosrow Adibi over Kharg Island. During the night of 2 April 1987, a Super Étendard disappeared during a training flight north of the Île Vierge lighthouse off the northwestern coast of Brittany. Dassault's Super Étendard proposal was accepted by the French Navy in 1973, leading to a series of prototypes being quickly assembled. [35] In response, the Super Étendards underwent a series of upgrades throughout the 1990s to add new capabilities and update existing systems for action in the modern battlefield. [18][19] A total of four Super Étendards were operational during the conflict. Huertas, Salvador Mafé. ", Koven, Ronald. ", Bureau d'enquêtes et d'analyses de la Défense, Articles with French-language external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Older Etendards and Super Etendards on FOCH, Two Super Etendards lining up at catapults, Super Etendard being hooked up to catapult, Super Etendard making practice carrier landing, French Navy Super Etendard test firing AM39, AM39 mounted on French Navy Super Etendard, French Navy Super Etendard AM39 just before launch from carrier, First test flight of Super Etendard with AM39 Exocet. [25], On May 30 two Super Étendards, one carrying Argentinas last remaining Exocet, escorted by four A-4C Skyhawks each with two 500lb bombs, took off to attack the carrier HMS Invincible. The naval single-seater combat aircraft, Dassault Super-Etendard, is a modernized version of the Etendard IV M. Main modifications include updating of the weapons system through the installation (a first for a French production aircraft) of a modern navigation and combat management system. The threat posed to British naval forces led to the planning of Operation Mikado and other proposed infiltration missions to raid the airbase, aiming to destroy the Super Étendards to prevent their use. Photographic reference material ranges from blue-gray to dark gray to almost ghost grey, so I am confused. Super Étendards returned to operations over Afghanistan in 2007 and 2008. Like its predecessor, it was specifically designed with carrier deck operations in mind so this required folding wings, a reinforced undercarriage and an arrestor hook under the tail. [citation needed], The SEM also flew strike missions in Operation Enduring Freedom. The Super Étendard was a follow-on design that was based on the Étendard IVM, outfitted with a more powerful engine, a new wing, and improved avionics. Mission Héraclès starting 21 November 2001 saw the deployment of the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle and its Super Étendards in Afghanistan. [2] In 1973, all development work on the Jaguar M was formally cancelled by the French government. "The Official History of the Falklands Campaign: The 1982 Falklands War and Its Aftermath. [40] The provision of Super Étendards to Iraq was politically controversial, the United States and Iraq's neighbour Iran were vocal in their opposition while Saudi Arabia supported the loan; the aircraft were seen as an influential factor in the 1980-1988 Iraq-Iran War as they could launch Exocet strikes on Iranian merchant shipping traversing the Persian Gulf. Kikis Grolleau, Henri-Paul. Aircraft: MAIW NBAI Super Etendard Conversion File: MAIW NBAI Dassault Breguet Super Etendard - FSX Pack-1 V.1.0.zip (17.8MB) Released: July 2018 Repainter: Nick Black / MAIW / Henk Schuitemaker Notes: Converted models and textures for MAIW packages in FSX and P3Dv4. The Academy 1/72 kit only gives "blue gray" for the upper surfaces. [5], The first of three prototypes, an IVM modified with the new engine and some of the new avionics,[5] made its maiden flight on 28 October 1974. Argentina's use of the Super Étendard and the Exocet missile during the 1982 Falklands War led to the aircraft gaining considerable popular recognition. In French service, the Super Étendard is to be replaced by the Dassault Rafale by roughly 2016. [7][8][9] The original intention of the French Navy was to order a total of 100 Super Étendards, however the order placed was for 60 of the new model with options for a further 20; further budget cuts and an escalation in the aircraft's per unit price eventually led to only 71 Super Étendards being purchased. , Argentinian pilots have practised on board the neighbouring Brazilian Navy 's aircraft carrier HMS Invincible Etendard-page all... 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