In September 2020 Statistics New Zealand reported that the population had climbed above 5 million people in September 2019, according to population estimates based on the 2018 census. [327][328] However, the local fashion industry has grown significantly since 2000, doubling exports and increasing from a handful to about 50 established labels, with some labels gaining international recognition. [135] The regional councils' role is to regulate "the natural environment with particular emphasis on resource management",[134] while territorial authorities are responsible for sewage, water, local roads, building consents, and other local matters. Find Out [262], Life expectancy for New Zealanders in 2012 was 84 years for females, and 80.2 years for males. [292][293] In the 2018 census, 44.7% of respondents identified with one or more religions, including 37.0% identifying as Christians. As of January 2021, the total population has risen to an estimated 5,109,520. [299] The OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment ranks New Zealand's education system as the seventh-best in the world, with students performing exceptionally well in reading, mathematics and science. [320] Portraits of Māori were also common, with early painters often portraying them as an ideal race untainted by civilisation. These areas include regions, cities and towns, local board areas, and area units. [137] The territorial authorities consist of 13 city councils, 53 district councils, and the Chatham Islands Council. These buildings were originally designed to be constantly rebuilt, changing and adapting to different whims or needs. [210] Living standards in New Zealand fell behind those of Australia and Western Europe, and by 1982 New Zealand had the lowest per-capita income of all the developed nations surveyed by the World Bank. [245] The railways were privatised in 1993 but were re-nationalised by the government in stages between 2004 and 2008. ; Government. In 1642, the Dutch explorer, Abel Tasman, became the first European to sight New Zealand. [353], Most of the major sporting codes played in New Zealand have British origins. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. [348] The number of New Zealand films significantly increased during the 1970s. [151] Most major cities and towns are linked by bus services, although the private car is the predominant mode of transport. [230] New Zealand's wine industry has followed a similar trend to dairy, the number of vineyards doubling over the same period,[238] overtaking wool exports for the first time in 2007. As of the 2018 census, 4,699,755 people lived in New Zealand. Population: In 2017, New Zealand had an estimated population of close to 4.8 million. [43] The Māori population declined to around 40% of its pre-contact level during the 19th century; introduced diseases were the major factor. They traded European food, metal tools, weapons and other goods for timber, Māori food, artefacts and water. The same set of predictions believe that the population of New Zealand will be 4,834,420 in 2020, 5,213,103 in 2030, 5,502,172 in 2040, and 5,711,484 by 2050. Social organisation was largely communal with families (whānau), subtribes (hapū) and tribes (iwi) ruled by a chief (rangatira), whose position was subject to the community's approval. The 39th New Zealand Parliament continued. In 1862 only 101 survived, and the last known full-blooded Moriori died in 1933. [80] Cabinet, formed by ministers and led by the prime minister, is the highest policy-making body in government and responsible for deciding significant government actions. [342] Recorded Music NZ also publishes the country's official weekly record charts. [19] Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui (the fish of Māui) for the North Island and Te Waipounamu (the waters of greenstone) or Te Waka o Aoraki (the canoe of Aoraki) for the South Island. [68] In 1975, a Waitangi Tribunal was set up to investigate alleged breaches of the Treaty, and it was enabled to investigate historic grievances in 1985. [295] There are five types of government-owned tertiary institutions: universities, colleges of education, polytechnics, specialist colleges, and wānanga,[297] in addition to private training establishments. [232], Wool was New Zealand's major agricultural export during the late 19th century. Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. Stats NZ is New Zealand's official data agency. [92], New Zealand is identified as one of the world's most stable and well-governed states. [129] Because of financial pressures and the desire to consolidate railways, education, land sales, and other policies, government was centralised and the provinces were abolished in 1876. New Zealand from The World Bank: Data. [251] A large-scale rollout of gigabit-capable fibre to the premises, branded as Ultra-Fast Broadband, began in 2009 with a target of being available to 87% of the population by 2022. The people of New Zealand often call themselves Kiwis. [305] More recently, American, Australian, Asian and other European cultures have exerted influence on New Zealand. [7] The currency is the New Zealand dollar, informally known as the "Kiwi dollar"; it also circulates in the Cook Islands (see Cook Islands dollar), Niue, Tokelau, and the Pitcairn Islands. [3] As of January 2021, the total population has risen to an estimated 5,110,740. [321] During the 1960s and 1970s, many artists combined traditional Māori and Western techniques, creating unique art forms. [255] The establishment of universities in the 19th century fostered scientific discoveries by notable New Zealanders including Ernest Rutherford for splitting the atom, William Pickering for rocket science, Maurice Wilkins for helping discover DNA, Beatrice Tinsley for galaxy formation, and Alan MacDiarmid for conducting polymers. ", "International Migration Outlook – New Zealand 2009/10", "Birthplace (detailed), for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, SA2, DHB)", "International Students in New Zealand: Needs and Responses", "The New Zealanders – Bicultural New Zealand", "British influence ebbs as New Zealand takes to talking Māori", "Waitangi Tribunal claim – Māori Language Week", "Ngā puna kōrero: Where Māori speak te reo – infographic", New Zealand Sign Language Act 2006 No 18 (as at 30 June 2008), Public Act, "Ngā hāhi – Māori and Christian denominations - Ringatū and Rātana", "Atheism and secularism – Who is secular? Today, the population of New Zealand (opens in new window) is made up of people from a range of backgrounds; 70% are of European descent, 16.5% are indigenous Māori, 15.1% Asian and 8.1% non-Māori Pacific Islanders. The service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, and agriculture; international tourism is a significant source of revenue. With a patchwork history of Māori, European, Pacific Island and Asian influences, New Zealand's population of five million people is a melting-pot of cultures. [329] Most early English literature was obtained from Britain, and it was not until the 1950s when local publishing outlets increased that New Zealand literature started to become widely known. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution. Chart and table of New Zealand population density from 1950 to 2021. For comparison, the world average in 2018 based on 194 countries is 1.28 percent. [359] Māori participation in European sports was particularly evident in rugby, and the country's team performs a haka, a traditional Māori challenge, before international matches. [256], Crown Research Institutes (CRIs) were formed in 1992 from existing government-owned research organisations. On 3 September 1939, New Zealand allied itself with Britain and declared war on Germany with Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage proclaiming, "Where she goes, we go; where she stands, we stand. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. The line graph shows New Zealand’s population increasing from 800,000 people in 1900 to five million people in 2020. The series Now We Are Five (Million) aimed to find out how Aotearoa is different to what it was … These conflicts, mainly in the North Island, saw thousands of imperial troops and the Royal Navy come to New Zealand and became known as the New Zealand Wars. [3][n 9] There are now Māori language immersion schools and two television channels that broadcast predominantly in Māori. [144][n 7], New Zealand is located near the centre of the water hemisphere and is made up of two main islands and a number of smaller islands. It underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy. [193] Three species of bats (one since extinct) were the only sign of native land mammals in New Zealand until the 2006 discovery of bones from a unique, mouse-sized land mammal at least 16 million years old. [73] This theoretically allows the judiciary to interpret the law based solely on the legislation enacted by Parliament without other influences on their decisions. Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). [117] New Zealand's national defence needs are modest since a direct attack is unlikely. [333], New Zealand music has been influenced by blues, jazz, country, rock and roll and hip hop, with many of these genres given a unique New Zealand interpretation. [13][15] This name was later anglicised to "New Zealand". Population Pyramids: New Zealand - 2020. [347] New Zealand television primarily broadcasts American and British programming, along with many Australian and local shows. [367] The country has ranked highly on a medals-to-population ratio at recent Games. [110] New Zealand is involved in the Pacific Islands Forum, the Pacific Community, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Regional Forum (including the East Asia Summit). [322] New Zealand art and craft has gradually achieved an international audience, with exhibitions in the Venice Biennale in 2001 and the "Paradise Now" exhibition in New York in 2004. The total land area is 7,945,610 Km2 (3,067,816 sq. We collect information from people and organisations through censuses and surveys, and use it to provide insights and data about New Zealand. [53] Armed conflict began between the Colonial government and [134] The 249 municipalities[134] that existed in 1975 have now been consolidated into 67 territorial authorities and 11 regional councils. [263] Life expectancy at birth is forecast to increase from 80 years to 85 years in 2050, and infant mortality is expected to decline. [324] Greenstone was fashioned into earrings and necklaces, with the most well-known design being the hei-tiki, a distorted human figure sitting cross-legged with its head tilted to the side. Tokelau is classified as a non-self-governing territory but is administered by a council of three elders (one from each Tokelauan atoll). [231] The service sector is the largest sector in the economy, followed by manufacturing and construction and then farming and raw material extraction. Currently, 86.8 % of the population of New Zealand is urban (4,150,968 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in New Zealand is 18 people per Km 2 (47 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 263,310 Km2 (101,665 sq. On Monday, Stats NZ released its quarterly estimate resident population figures which showed New Zealand notching the major milestone. [13][14] Hendrik Brouwer proved that the South American land was a small island in 1643, and Dutch cartographers subsequently renamed Tasman's discovery Nova Zeelandia, from Latin, after the Dutch province of Zeeland. [304] However, Māori still regard their allegiance to tribal groups as a vital part of their identity, and Māori kinship roles resemble those of other Polynesian peoples. [76] The governor-general can exercise the Crown's prerogative powers, such as reviewing cases of injustice and making appointments of ministers, ambassadors, and other key public officials,[77] and in rare situations, the reserve powers (e.g. This set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, and South Island or Te Waipounamu. [232] International visitor arrivals are expected to increase at a rate of 5.4% annually up to 2022. [56] Wellington was chosen for its central location, with Parliament officially sitting there for the first time in 1865. The country's varied topography and sharp mountain peaks, including the Southern Alps, owe much to tectonic uplift and volcanic eruptions. [87] The current prime minister is Jacinda Ardern, who has been in office since 26 October 2017. [172] Snowfall is common in the eastern and southern parts of the South Island and mountain areas across the country.[166]. [314] Most Māori carvings feature human figures, generally with three fingers and either a natural-looking, detailed head or a grotesque head. [224][225] Today New Zealand's economy benefits from a high level of innovation. In 2020 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 32,851. [58] The Liberal Government, led by Richard Seddon for most of its period in office,[59] passed many important social and economic measures. On Monday, Stats NZ released its quarterly estimate resident population figures which showed New Zealand notching the major milestone. [152] Because of its far-flung outlying islands and long coastline, the country has extensive marine resources. [320] The country's isolation delayed the influence of European artistic trends allowing local artists to develop their own distinctive style of regionalism. New Zealand government . [307] Modesty was expected and enforced through the "tall poppy syndrome", where high achievers received harsh criticism. New Zealand's geographic isolation for 80 million years[174] and island biogeography has influenced evolution of the country's species of animals, fungi and plants. New Zealand 2020 population is estimated at 4,822,233 people at mid year according to UN data. [319] Since European arrival paintings and photographs have been dominated by landscapes, originally not as works of art but as factual portrayals of New Zealand. Non-Māori Polynesian cultures are also apparent, with Pasifika, the world's largest Polynesian festival, now an annual event in Auckland. Its exclusive economic zone is one of the largest in the world, covering more than 15 times its land area. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used. [118] However, its military has had a global presence. The state-owned enterprise KiwiRail now operates the railways, with the exception of commuter services in Auckland and Wellington, which are operated by Transdev[246] and Metlink,[247] respectively. The Southern Alps stretch for 500 kilometres down the South Island. [170] Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch all receive a yearly average of more than 2,000 hours of sunshine. [192] Some, such as the tuatara, are so unique that they have been called living fossils. [3] New Zealand English is similar to Australian English, and many speakers from the Northern Hemisphere are unable to tell the accents apart. [35][36] The Moriori population was all but wiped out between 1835 and 1862, largely because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement in the 1830s, although European diseases also contributed. [179] The two main types of forest are those dominated by broadleaf trees with emergent podocarps, or by southern beech in cooler climates. The word Pākehā today is increasingly used to refer to all non-Polynesian New Zealanders. [67] A Māori protest movement developed, which criticised Eurocentrism and worked for greater recognition of Māori culture and of the Treaty of Waitangi. In 2015, 55% of Māori adults (aged 15 years and over) reported knowledge of. km of land area) - New Zealand from The World Bank: Data Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants. [284] It has recently undergone a process of revitalisation,[285] being declared one of New Zealand's official languages in 1987,[286] and is spoken by 4.0% of the population. In September 2020 Statistics New Zealand reported that the population had climbed above 5 million people in September 2019, according to population estimates based on the 2018 census. Find Out [155] Fiordland's steep mountains and deep fiords record the extensive ice age glaciation of this southwestern corner of the South Island. Stats NZ will release its next population estimate 17 August 2020. [228] Exports account for 24% of its output,[151] making New Zealand vulnerable to international commodity prices and global economic slowdowns. New Zealand Coronavirus update with statistics and graphs: total and new cases, deaths per day, mortality and recovery rates, current active cases, recoveries, trends and timeline. Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated. Radiocarbon dating, evidence of deforestation[26] and mitochondrial DNA variability within Māori populations[27] suggest that Eastern Polynesians first settled the New Zealand archipelago between 1250 and 1300,[20][28] although newer archaeological and genetic research points to a date no earlier than about 1280, with at least the main settlement period between about 1320 and 1350,[29][30] consistent with evidence based on genealogical traditions. [214][215], Unemployment peaked above 10% in 1991 and 1992,[217] following the 1987 share market crash, but eventually fell to a record low (since 1986) of 3.7% in 2007 (ranking third from twenty-seven comparable OECD nations). “It is also the fastest million in our history, taking 17 years after reaching 4 million in 2003.” The current population density of New Zealand in 2021 is 18.16 people per square kilometer, a 0.8% increase from 2020.; The population density of New Zealand in 2020 was 18.01 people per square kilometer, a 0.82% increase from 2019. [116], New Zealand's military services—the Defence Force—comprise the New Zealand Army, the Royal New Zealand Air Force, and the Royal New Zealand Navy. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Railways run the length of the country, although most lines now carry freight rather than passengers. Penguin, New Zealand. 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