Read the essential details about Kim Philby that includes images, quotations and the main facts of his life. He said, 'Why do old people live so badly here? Philby, Burgess and MacLean – Spy Scandal of the Century, a BBC drama produced for TV in 1977, covers the period of the late 1940s, when British intelligence investigated Kim Philby's colleague Donald Maclean until 1955 when the British government cleared Philby because it did … Philby was later awarded the Order of Lenin and made a KGB general. Kim leapt up and shouted, 'Whoever is rude to my wife is rude to me!' Born in Ambala, Punjab, India, Philby was the son of Harry St. John Philby, a British Army officer, diplomat, explorer, author, and Orientalist who converted to Islam[2] and was advisor to King Ibn Sa'ud of Saudi Arabia. Mr Roberts, 73, died last year on Jersey and the Philby photos are being sold at auction by his estate. media caption During the 1950s and early 1960s Kim Philby denied being a Soviet agent while working for MI6. Kim Philby Birthday and Date of Death. "Once, a big group of us were on a trip on the Volga: Kim and I and, of course, his KGB escort, and the escort's daughter. Harold (Kim) Philby, the last surviving member of the triumvirate of spies who shook the British espionage system to its marrow 30 years ago, died Wednesday in Moscow. However, Pukhova said the fear that she would leave had helped her husband temper his intake in later years. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By the end of World War II, Philby had become head of counterespionage operations for MI-6, in which post he was responsible for combating Soviet subversion in western Europe. Kim Philby, byname of Harold Adrian Russell Philby, (born January 1, 1912, Ambala, India—died May 11, 1988, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.), British intelligence officer until 1951 and the most successful Soviet double agent of the Cold War period.. Harold ‘Kim’ Philby was a member of the ‘Cambridge Five’ spy ring. Kim Philby drank while Guy Burgess, who was gay, missed his friends in London, including Anthony Blunt whose spying activities, though known to the government, were kept under wraps until they were exposed much later, in 1979. But I do have a strong sense of being in Moscow with him and my family,” she said. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Harold "Kim" Philby. You should have seen his face.". It was a bit too late as all the damage was already done, for starters. He was born in 1915 in Danville, Indiana, where his father, an attorney, died ten months after … Kim Philby, byname of Harold Adrian Russell Philby, (born January 1, 1912, Ambala, India—died May 11, 1988, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.), British intelligence officer until 1951 and the most successful Soviet double agent of the Cold War period. Clare Hollingworth celebrates her 105th birthday at … In 1949 he was sent to Washington to serve as chief MI-6 officer there and as the top liaison officer between the British and U.S. intelligence services. "There was one funny incident," she remembered. He was 76. The gang of British spies who ended up in Moscow in the 1950s and 1960s were employed in KGB training schools and international research institutes. H. A. R. (Kim) Philby, the double agent whose betrayal of his country and his social class indelibly marked British politics, has died in Moscow, officials … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. His drinking made him paranoid that his wife would abandon him. Harold "Kim" Philby was a senior officer in Britain’s Secret Intelligence Service, known as MI6, who began his work for the Soviet Union as a spy in 1934. Aileen died in 1957, when Tommy was just 11 years old; his contact with his father was cut off as soon as the double spy defected to the USSR in January 1963. We got together in our cabin to discuss our plans. He died in Moscow in 1988. A memorial to him stands in the Kuntsevo Cemetery, in the Russian capital. In the United States, the Walker family sold the…. During the early years of the Cold War, Philby handed intelligence to the USSR. He never promised to give up, but once, completely unexpectedly, he suddenly said, 'I'm afraid I'm going to lose you, I'm not going to drink any more.' Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Kim-Philby, The History Learning Site - Biography of Kim Philby, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Kim Philby, Kim Philby - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Kim Philby would have been 76 years old at the time of death or 103 years old today. After all, they won the war.'". Thereafter he worked as a journalist in Beirut until fleeing to the Soviet Union in 1963. "It was winter and we were going out for a walk and I found one of my boots had disappeared. The Hick From Indiana Who Nailed Master Spy Kim Philby. By coincidence another book about Philby has appeared simultaneously, Kim Philby: the Unknown Story of the KGB’s Master Spy (Biteback, £20), written by another former friend and MI6 operative, Tim Milne, who died in 2010. Kim Philby, called the ''spy of the century'' because of his work for the Soviet Union while a senior officer in British intelligence, died Wednesday in Moscow, the Foreign Office said. Charlotte Philby, daughter of John Philby, H.A.R. We searched every corner until Kim suddenly struck himself on the head with his hand, went to a cupboard and brought back the boot. Philby did officially leave MI6 but remarkably was soon taken back. John Philby, who has died aged 65, was the eldest son of the Russian spy Kim Philby, unmasked in 1963 as a double agent and the notorious Third Man in the Cambridge spy ring of the 1930s. "Kim believed in a just society and devoted his whole life to communism. He had got afraid that I would leave, and hidden the boot.". Macmillan was, of course, Prime Minister by 1962, when the Soviet double agent George Blake was caught, and Kim could no longer hide the truth. While a student at the University of Cambridge, Philby became a communist and in 1933 a Soviet agent. Omissions? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1963 he was revealed to be a member of the Cambridge Five, a spy ring which passed information to the Soviet Union during World War II and in the early stages of the Cold War. Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a British intelligence officer and a double agent for the Soviet Union. "His alcoholism was suicide," she told the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper. The footage sheds long-awaited new light on Philby: Despite making headlines around the world and inspiring books and films about his exploits, the … Additionally, what did Kim Philby do? Heart failure . Likewise, the Philby–Burgess–Maclean spy ring, which penetrated the highest circles of Britain’s MI-6 intelligence agency, provided the Soviets with a tremendous amount of information on British and Allied military and counterintelligence operations during and after World War II. In the Cold War some sons of privilege betrayed Britain in the service of tyranny. The two-drink tradition remained but in time there was no longer a need to hide the bottle, she added. According to an account which Philby later filed for The Times, the car was hit by an artillery shell in the small village of Caude. When Philby died in Moscow in 1988 at the age of … He and Pukhova married in 1971, when he was 59 and she was 38. Philby later recalled: "So it was a date well remembered, because it … Milne knew most of the players in the Philby story and his is a valuable, judicious insider’s account. Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a British intelligence officer and a double agent for the Soviet Union. He was nicknamed after the protagonist in Rudyard Kipling's novel Kim about a young Irish Indian boy who spies for the British in India during the 19th century. While holding this highly sensitive post, he revealed to the U.S.S.R. an Allied plan to send armed anticommunist bands into Albania in 1950, thereby assuring their defeat; warned two Soviet double agents in the British diplomatic service, Burgess and Donald MacLean, that they were under suspicion (the two men consequently escaped to the Soviet Union in 1951); and transmitted detailed information about MI-6 and the Central Intelligence Agency to the Soviets. Kim Philby’s father, a Saudi adviser, was also involved in intelligence and betrayal after being exploited by MI6 to win a propaganda war in the Middle East. In contrast to Blake, Philby and Burgess – and to a less extent Maclean – suffered from nostalgia for Britain. Photograph: Daily Mail/Rex Features. Kim Philby, the most successful of the Cambridge spies, tried to drink himself to death in Moscow because he was disillusioned with communism … It was the day that Neville Chamberlain declared war on Nazi Germany. He was 76. "If he continued drinking, he got inebriated quickly and changed in front of your eyes," she said. He was known for passing more than 900 British documents over to the KGB. Pukhova said he was a "special" and principled man. It seems that after WWII secret services refrained from killing each other’s personnel. Solomon was a good friend of Kim Philby and she introduced him to Aileen at her home on 3rd September 1939. Harold (Kim) Philby, the son of the diplomat, Harry St John Bridger Philby, was born in Ambala, India, in 1911. Updates? He was 65. Long after the Soviet Union they spied for collapsed in 1991, Philby remains a hero in Russia. "I said something to the escort and he just stayed silent, sitting, leafing through his magazine. Philby seems to have been a lifelong and committed communist whose primary devotion lay toward the Soviet Union rather than his native country. Maclean bequeathed Blake his library of books, including Trollope, Macaulay's History of England, Morley's Life of Gladstone, and the Macmillan and Eden memoirs. Charlotte Philby in Moscow with her father John, after Kim Philby died in 1988 (Photo: Charlotte Philby) I imagine there was a light breeze as my … Philby died in the city in 1988, 25 years after defecting to the Soviet Union, where he was employed as an occasional consultant to the KGB helping to prepare spies for missions to the west. Birthday: January 1, 1912 Date of Death: May 11, 1988 Age at Death: 76 John Philby, the eldest son of Soviet spy Kim Philby, who was a double agent and the notorious Third Man in the Cambridge spy ring of the 1930s, has died in England. And he kept his word to the end." Philby's work led to the deaths of dozens of British agents, making him a reviled traitor once he was exposed in Britain. "Philby's father nicknamed his son Kim after the … He went on to serve the KGB for 54 years. Likewise, how did Kim Philby die? And here he was struck by disappointment, brought to tears. It was a miracle. Born in India in 1912, Philby became a communist sympathiser after leaving Cambridge and began working as a KGB informer in the mid 1930s in London. Rufina Pukhova, his Russian-Polish wife, said Philby struggled to control his drinking by downing only two glasses of cognac a night and then handing her the bottle to hide. 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